Pure Fruit Juice and Fruit Consumption Are Not Associated with Incidence of Type 2
Diabetes after Adjustment for Overall Dietary Quality in the European Prospective
Investigation into Cancer and Nutrition–Netherlands (EPIC-NL) Study

Floor R Scheffers, Alet H Wijga, W M Monique Verschuren, Yvonne T van der Schouw, Ivonne Sluijs, Henriëtte A Smit, Jolanda M A Boer
Journal of Nutrition, January 2020

Large European prospective cohort study looking at adults age 20-69 years of age (at baseline) which assessed both fruit juice and fruit consumption related to incidence of Type 2 diabetes. Average mean follow up was 14.6 years.

Key Findings: In both low fruit consumers and high fruit consumers (consumption ranged from < 1 glass/week to > 8 glasses/week) no association was observed between pure fruit juice consumption and type 2 diabetes after adjustment for age, sex, educational level, physical activity, smoking, family history of diabetes, alcohol consumption, coffee consumption, DHD15-index, and fruit consumption. In addition, researchers noted that with pure fruit juice consumption of < 8 glasses/wk was significantly associated with a reduced risk of type 2 diabetes incidence. However, this
association was attenuated and became nonsignificant after further adjustments. This study also found pure fruit juice drinkers had healthier dietary habits. In conclusion, in our study, pure fruit juice and fruit consumption was not independently associated with the risk of type 2 diabetes incidence.

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