Pure 100% fruit juices – more than just a source of free sugars? A review of the evidence of their effect on risk of cardiovascular disease, type 2 diabetes and obesity

Ruxton, Carrie HS, Emma Derbyshire, and John L. Sievenpiper.
Nutrition Bulletin 46.4 (Nov 2021): 415-431

In this study researchers conducted 20 systematic reviews and meta-analyses published since 2014. The authors evaluated the relationships between 100% fruit juice consumption and nutritional adequacy, as well as biomarkers for cardiovascular disease.

Key Findings: Moderate consumption of 100% fruit juice (up to 200 ml/daily) may benefit vascular function and significantly reduce the risk of cardiovascular disease, without a significant increase in the risk of obesity, type 2 diabetes, dyslipidemia, or poor glycemic control.

  • On average, adults with increased consumption of 100% fruit juice were associated with higher intakes of energy, total/free sugars, vitamin C, vitamin B, potassium, magnesium, calcium and vitamin D; in children, juice consumption were associated with higher vitamin C intake and Healthy Eating Index scores.
  • To protect dental health, it is recommended to consume 100% fruit juice at mealtimes.

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