Intake of 100% Fruit Juice Is Associated with Improved Diet Quality of Adults: NHANES 2013–2016 Analysis

Sanjiv Agarwal, Victor L. Fulgoni III, PhD and Diane Welland MS, RD
Nutrients, October 2019

National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey (NHANES) 2013–2016 data (24-h dietary recall) from adults 19+ years (n = 10,112) was used to assess the diet quality and nutrient intakes and to isocalorically replace with 100% fruit juice intakes whole fruit equivalents in a modeling analysis. Approximately 16% of the population consumed 100% fruit juice on the day of recall and the mean per capita usual intake was 0.26 cups
equivalent per day.

This nationally representative sample of US adults found 100% fruit juice consumption was associated with better nutrient intake and better diet quality than nonconsumption.

Key Findings: Consumers had higher diet quality (10% higher Healthy Eating Index, HEI 2015 score), and higher intakes of energy, calcium, magnesium, potassium, vitamin C and vitamin D than non-consumers. Consumption of 100% fruit juice was also associated with lower risk of being overweight/obese (−22%) and having metabolic syndrome (−27%). Replacement of 100% fruit juice intake with whole fruits equivalents
had no significant effect on nutrients except for a small increase (+6.4%) in dietary fiber.

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