References

Health Benefits References

  1. Nicklas TA, O’Neil CA, and Fulgoni V Consumption of 100% fruit juice is associated with better nutrient intake and diet quality but not with weight status in children: NHANES 2007-2010; 2015, International Journal of Child Health and Nutrition. May 2015; 4: 112-121.
  2. O’Neil CA, et al. Diet quality is positively associated with 100% fruit juice consumption in children and adults in the United States: NHANES 2003-2006. Nutrition Journal 2011;10:17
  3. Crowe-White K, O’Neil CE, Parrott JS, Benson-Davies S, Droke E, Gutschall M, Stote KS, Wolfram T, Ziegler P. Impact of 100% fruit juice consumption on diet and weight status of children: an evidence-based review. Critical Reviews in Food Science and Nutrition. (2016); 56:871–884.
  4. O’Neil CE and Nicklas TA “Childhood obesity and the consumption of 100% fruit juice: Where are the evidence-based finding?” Fructose, High Fructose Corn Syrup, Sucrose and Health Ed. James M. Rippe. Orlando FL: Springer: Humana Press, 2014, 247-275.
  5. Auerbach BJ, Wolf FM, Hikida A, Vallila P, Buchman A, Littman DT, Louden D, Taber DR, Krieger J. Fruit juice and change in BMI: a meta-analysis. Pediatrics 2017;139(4):e20162454.

Juice Bioactives References

Naringin

  1. Bhagwat S, Haytowitz D. USDA Database for the Flavonoid Content of Selected Foods Release 3.2. In. Beltsville, MD: United States Department of Agriculture; 2015.
  2. Yi L, Ma S, Ren D. Phytochemistry and bioactivity of Citrus flavonoids: a focus on antioxidant, anti-inflammatory, anticancer and cardiovascular protection activities. Phytochemistry Reviews. 2017;16(3):479-511. https://link.springer.com/article/10.1007%2Fs11101-017-9497-1
  3. Alam MA, Subhan N, Rahman MM, Uddin SJ, Reza HM, Sarker SD. Effect of citrus flavonoids, naringin and naringenin, on metabolic syndrome and their mechanisms of action. Advances in Nutrition. 2014;5(4):404-417. https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC4085189/

Polyphenols

  1. Pandey KB, Rizvi SI. Plant polyphenols as dietary antioxidants in human health and disease. Oxidative Medicine and Cellular Longevity. 2009; 2(5):270-278. https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC2835915/
  2. Figueira I, Menezes R, Macedo D, Costa I, Nunes dos Santos C. Polyphenols beyond barriers: a glimpse into the brain. Current Neuropharmacology. 2017; 15(4):562-594. https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC5543676/
  3. Bhardwaj RL, Nandal U, Pal A, Jain S. Bioactive compounds and medicinal properties of fruit juices.  2014; 69(5):391-412. https://fruits.edpsciences.org/articles/fruits/pdf/2014/05/fruits140027.pdf
  4. Manach C, Scalbert A, Morand C, Remesy C, Jimenez L. Polyphenols: food sources and bioavailability. American Journal of Clinical Nutrition. 2004; 79(5):727—747. https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/15113710
  5. Diane L. McKay, C.-Y. Oliver Chen, Carly A. Zampariello, Jeffrey B. Blumberg, Flavonoids and phenolic acids from cranberry juice are bioavailable and bioactive in healthy older adults, Food Chemistry, 2015; 168:233-240, https://doi.org/10.1016/j.foodchem.2014.07.062.

Flavonoids

  1. Martin-Diana, Ana & Rico, Daniel & Massini, Laura. Quality attributes of apple juice: Role and effect of phenolic compounds. 2017. https://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/B9780128022306000047
  2. Panche AN, Diwan AD, Chandra SR. Flavonoids: an overview. Journal of Nutritional Science. 2016; 5:e47. https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC5465813/
  3. Schaeffer, J. Flavonoids’ Nutritional Benefits. Today’s Geriatric Medicine, 2018. (4), p.30. Available at: http://www.todaysgeriatricmedicine.com/archive/070113p30.shtml
  4. Higdon J, Drake V, Delage B. Flavonoids. Micronutrient Information Center. Available at: http://lpi.oregonstate.edu/mic/dietary-factors/phytochemicals/flavonoids.
  5. Rendeiro C, Vauzour D, Rattray M, et al. Dietary levels of pure flavonoids improve spatial memory performance and increase hippocampal brain-derived neurotrophic factor. PLoS ONE. 2013; 8(5):e63535. http://journals.plos.org/plosone/article?id=10.1371/journal.pone.0063535
  6. Bhardwaj RL, Nandal U, Pal A, Jain S. Bioactive compounds and medicinal properties of fruit juices.  2014; 69(5):391-412. https://fruits.edpsciences.org/articles/fruits/pdf/2014/05/fruits140027.pdf
  7. Kozłowska A, Szostak-Wegierek D. Flavonoids-food sources and health benefits. National Institute of Public Health. 2014; 65:79–85. https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/25272572
  8. McKay DL, Oliver Chen CY, Zampariello CA., et. al. Flavonoids and phenolic acids from cranberry juice are bioavailable and bioactive in healthy older adults, Food Chemistry, 2015; 168:233-240, https://doi.org/10.1016/j.foodchem.2014.07.062.
  9. Raubenheimer K, Hickey D, Leveritt M, et. al. Acute effects of nitrate-rich beetroot juice on blood pressure, hemostasis and vascular inflammation markers in healthy older adults: a randomized, placebo-controlled crossover study, Nutrients. 2017; 9(11), 1270-1289. https://doi.org/10.3390/nu9111270
  10. USDA Database for the Proanthocyanidin Content of Selected Foods, 2004. http://www.ars.usda.gov/News/docs.htm?docid=5843

Resveratrol

  1. Semba RD, Ferrucci L, Bartali B, et al. Resveratrol levels and all-cause mortality in older community-dwelling adults. JAMA Internal Medicine, 2014;174(7):1077–084. https://jamanetwork.com/journals/jamainternalmedicine/fullarticle/1868537
  2. Bhardwaj RL, Nandal U, Pal A, Jain S. Bioactive compounds and medicinal properties of fruit juices. Fruits. 2014; 69(5):391-412. https://fruits.edpsciences.org/articles/fruits/pdf/2014/05/fruits140027.pdf
  3. Higdon J, Drake V, Delage B. Resveratrol. Micronutrient Information Center. 2015. Available at: http://lpi.oregonstate.edu/mic/dietary-factors/phytochemicals/resveratrol
  4. Bomgardner M. Reviving Resveratrol. Chemical & Engineering News. 2017 ;(95):38-39. Available at: https://cen.acs.org/articles/95/i10/Reviving-resveratrol.html

Hesperidin

  1. Hesperidin Infographic. Florida Citrus. 2018. Available at: https://www.floridacitrus.org/newsroom/citrus-411/hesperidin/hesperidin-infographic/
  2. Bhagwat S, Haytowitz D. USDA Database for the Flavonoid Content of Selected Foods Release 3.2. In. Beltsville, MD: United States Department of Agriculture; 2015.
  3. Morand C, Dubray C, Milenkovic D, Lioger D, Martin JF, Scalbert A, Mazur A; Hesperidin contributes to the vascular protective effects of orange juice: a randomized crossover study in healthy volunteers, The American Journal of Clinical Nutrition, 2011; 93(1): 73–80, https://doi.org/10.3945/ajcn.110.004945
  4. Rangel-Huerta et al. Normal or high polyphenol concentration in orange juice affects antioxidant activity, blood pressure, and body weight in obese or overweight adults. Journal of Nutrition. 2015;145(8):1808-1816. https://academic.oup.com/jn/article/145/8/1808/4644403
  5. Milenkovic D. et. al. Hesperidin displays relevant role in the nutrigenomic effect of orange juice on blood leukocytes in human volunteers: a randomized controlled cross-over study, PLoS One. 2011;6(11):e26669. http://journals.plos.org/plosone/article?id=10.1371/journal.pone.0026669
  6. Habauzit V, Verny MA, Milenkovic D, Barber-Chamoux N, Mazur A, Dubray C, Morand C; Flavanones protect from arterial stiffness in postmenopausal women consuming grapefruit juice for 6 mo: a randomized, controlled, crossover trial, The American Journal of Clinical Nutrition, 2015; 102(1): 66–74.  https://doi.org/10.3945/ajcn.114.104646
  7. Kean et al. Chronic consumption of flavanone-rich orange juice is associated with cognitive benefits: an 8-wk, randomized, double-blind, placebo-controlled trial in healthy older adults. American Journal of Clinical Nutrition. 2015;101(3):506-514. https://academic.oup.com/ajcn/article/101/3/506/4569404

Quercetin

  1. Li Y, Yao J, Han C, et al. Quercetin, inflammation and immunity. Nutrients. 2016; 8(3):167. https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC4808895/
  2. Mlcek J, Jurikova T, Skrovankova S, Sochor J. Quercetin and its anti-allergic immune response. Molecules. 2016; 21(5):623. https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/27187333/

Anthocyanins

  1. Lila MA. Anthocyanins and human health: an in-vitro investigative approach. Journal of Biomedicine and Biotechnology. 2004; 2004(5):306-313. https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC1082894/
  2. Webb D. Anthocyanins. Today’s Dietitian. 2014; http://www.todaysdietitian.com/newarchives/030314p20.shtml
  3. Spencer, J. The impact of fruit flavonoids on memory and cognition. British Journal of Nutrition, 2010. 104(S3), S40-S47. https://www.cambridge.org/core/journals/british-journal-of-nutrition/article/div-classtitlethe-impact-of-fruit-flavonoids-on-memory-and-cognitiondiv/89B1CBDD1DA9A70D21CEBB257B9452FE
  4. Bhardwaj RL, Nandal U, Pal A, Jain S. Bioactive compounds and medicinal properties of fruit juices. Fruits. 2014; 69(5):391-412. https://fruits.edpsciences.org/articles/fruits/pdf/2014/05/fruits140027.pdf

Lycopene

  1. Story EN, Kopec RE, Schwartz SJ, Harris GK. An update on the health effects of tomato lycopene. Annual review of food science and technology. 2010;1:10.1146. https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC3850026/
  2. Rowles JL, Ranard KM, Applegate CC, Jeon S, An R, Erdman JW. Processed and raw tomato consumption and risk of prostate cancer: a systematic review and dose-response meta-analysis. Prostate Cancer and Prostatic Diseases. 2018; http://www.nature.com/articles/s41391-017-0005-x
  3. Filipcikova R, Oborna I, Brezinova J, et al. Lycopene improves the distorted ratio between aa/dha in the seminal plasma of infertile males and increases the likelihood of successful pregnancy. Biomedical Papers. 2013; http://biomed.papers.upol.cz/pdfs/bio/2015/01/11.pdf

Carotenoids

  1. Webb D. Antioxidants: The Carotenoid Color Wheel, Today’s Dietitian. 2016; http://www.todaysdietitian.com/newarchives/0916p12.shtml
  2. Institute of Medicine, Food and Nutrition Board. Dietary Reference Intake for Vitamin C, Vitamin E, Selenium and Carotenoids. Washington D.C.: National Academy Press; 2000. https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/books/NBK225483/
  3. Sommerburg O, Keunen J, Bird A, van Kuijk FJGM. Fruits and vegetables that are sources for lutein and zeaxanthin: the macular pigment in human eyes. The British Journal of Ophthalmology. 1998;82(8):907-910. https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC1722697/
  4. Burton-Freeman BM, Sandhu, AK, Edirisinghe, I. Mangos and their bioactive components: Adding variety to the fruit plate of health. Food and Function. 2017;9. https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/28612853

Lutein and Zeaxanthin (same references for both)

  1. Sommerburg O, Keunen J, Bird A, van Kuijk FJGM. Fruits and vegetables that are sources for lutein and zeaxanthin: the macular pigment in human eyes. The British Journal of Ophthalmology. 1998; 82(8):907-910. https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/28612853
  2. Webb D. Antioxidants: The Carotenoid Color Wheel, Today’s Dietitian. September 2016. http://www.todaysdietitian.com/newarchives/0916p12.shtml
  3. Burton-Freeman BM, Sandhu, AK, Edirisinghe, I. Mangos and their bioactive components: Adding variety to the fruit plate of health. Food and Function. 2017; 9. https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/28612853

Juice Vitamin and Mineral References

Vitamin C

  1. Vitamin C – Fact Sheet for Health Professionals. NIH Office of Dietary Supplements. 2018. https://ods.od.nih.gov/factsheets/VitaminC-HealthProfessional/.
  2. Food Composition Databases . United States Department of Agriculture – Agricultural Research Service. https://ndb.nal.usda.gov/ndb/search/list

Vitamin A

  1. Vitamin A – Fact Sheet for Health Professionals. NIH Office of Dietary Supplements. 2018. https://ods.od.nih.gov/factsheets/VitaminA-HealthProfessional/.
  2. Food Composition Databases . United States Department of Agriculture – Agricultural Research Service. https://ndb.nal.usda.gov/ndb/search/list.

Thiamin, Vitamin B1

  1. Thiamin, (Vitamin B1) – Fact Sheet for Health Professionals. NIH Office of Dietary Supplements. 2018. https://ods.od.nih.gov/factsheets/Thiamin-HealthProfessional/
  2. Food Composition Databases. United States Department of Agriculture – Agricultural Research Service. https://ndb.nal.usda.gov/ndb/search/list.

Potassium

  1. Food and Nutrition Information Center – Potassium. USDA National Agricultural Library. 2018. Available at: https://www.nal.usda.gov/fnic/potassium
  2. Food Composition Databases . United States Department of Agriculture – Agricultural Research Service. https://ndb.nal.usda.gov/ndb/search/list.

Folate

  1. Folate – Fact Sheet for Health Professionals. NIH Office of Dietary Supplements. 2018. https://ods.od.nih.gov/factsheets/Folate-HealthProfessional/.
  2. Delchier N, Herbig A-L, Rychlik M, Renard CM. Folates in Fruits and Vegetables: Contents, Processing, and Stability. Comprehensive Reviews in Food Science and Food Safety. 2016;15(3):506-528. doi:10.1111/1541-4337.12193. https://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/full/10.1111/1541-4337.12193
  3. Food Composition Databases . United States Department of Agriculture – Agricultural Research Service. https://ndb.nal.usda.gov/ndb/search/list.

Magnesium

  1. Food and Nutrition Information Center – Magnesium. USDA National Agricultural Library. 2018. Available at: https://www.nal.usda.gov/fnic/magnesium.
  1. Food Composition Databases . United States Department of Agriculture – Agricultural7.Research Service. https://ndb.nal.usda.gov/ndb/search/list.

Vitamin K

  1. Vitamin K – Fact Sheet for Health Professionals. NIH Office of Dietary Supplements. 2018. https://ods.od.nih.gov/factsheets/VitaminK-HealthProfessional/.
  2. Food Composition Databases . United States Department of Agriculture – Agricultural Research Service. https://ndb.nal.usda.gov/ndb/search/list.

Juice Varieties Bibliography

Apple

  1. Freedman SB, Willan AR, Boutis K, Schuh S. Effect of dilute apple juice and -preferred fluids vs electrolyte maintenance solution on treatment failure among children with mild gastroenteritis: A randomized clinical trial. 2016; 315(18):1966–1974. https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/27131100

Beetroot

  1. Jajja A, Sutyarjoko J, Lara K, Rennie K, Brandt O, Qadir M, Siervo M. Beetroot supplementation lowers daily systolic blood pressure in older, overweight subjects, Nutrition Research, 2014; 34(10):868–875. https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/25294299
  2. Münzel T, Daiber A, Inorganic nitrite and nitrate in cardiovascular therapy: A better alternative to organic nitrates as nitric oxide donors?, Vascular Pharmacology, 2018; 102: 1-10. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.vph.2017.11.003.
  3. Webb AJ, Patel N, Loukogeorgakis S, et al. Acute blood pressure lowering, vasoprotective and anti-platelet properties of dietary nitrate via bioconversion to nitrite. Hypertension. 2008;51(3):784-790. https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC2839282/
  4. Petrie M, Rejeski JW, Basu S, et. al. Beet root juice: an ergogenic aid for exercise and the aging brain, The Journals of Gerontology: Series A, 2017;72(9): 1284–1289. https://doi.org/10.1093/gerona/glw219
  5. Nyakayiru J, Jonvik KL, Trommelen J, et. al. Beetroot juice supplementation improves high-intensity intermittent type exercise performance in trained soccer players. 2017; 9: 314. http://www.mdpi.com/2072-6643/9/3/314
  6. Domínguez R, Cuenca E, Maté-Muñoz JL, et. al. Effects of beetroot juice supplementation on cardiorespiratory endurance in athletes. A systematic review. 2017; 9: 43. http://www.mdpi.com/2072-6643/9/1/43
  7. Nutritionix Food Database. https://www.nutritionix.com/i/nutritionix/beet-juice-1-cup/56eac91333abccb4167515e9
  8. Vitamin C – Fact Sheet for Health Professionals. NIH Office of Dietary Supplements. 2018. https://ods.od.nih.gov/factsheets/VitaminC-HealthProfessional/
  9. Food and Nutrition Information Center – Potassium. USDA National Agricultural Library. 2018. Available at: https://www.nal.usda.gov/fnic/potassium

Blueberry

  1. Krikorian R, Shidler MD, Nash TA, et al. Blueberry supplementation improves memory in older adults. Journal of agricultural and food chemistry. 2010; 58(7):3996-4000. https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC2850944/
  2. Figueira I, Menezes R, Macedo D, Costa I, Nunes dos Santos C. Polyphenols beyond barriers: a glimpse into the brain. Current Neuropharmacology. 2017;15(4):562-594. https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC5543676/
  3. Joseph JA, Shukitt-Hale B, Denisova NA, Bielinski D, Martin A, McEwen JJ, Bickford PC. Reversals of age-related declines in neuronal signal transduction, cognitive, and motor behavioral deficits with blueberry, spinach, or strawberry dietary supplementation. Journal of Neuroscience 1999; 19:8114– https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/10479711
  4. Rendeiro C, Vauzour D, Rattray M, et al. Dietary Levels of Pure Flavonoids Improve Spatial Memory Performance and Increase Hippocampal Brain-Derived Neurotrophic Factor. PLoS ONE. 2013; 8(5):e63535. http://journals.plos.org/plosone/article?id=10.1371/journal.pone.0063535
  5. Whyte, AR and Williams, CM. Effects of a single dose of a flavonoid-rich blueberry drink on memory in 8 to 10 y old children.  Nutrition, 2015; 31(3):531 – 534. https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/25701345

Cranberry

  1. Dohadwala MM, Holbrook M, Hamburg NM, et al. Effects of cranberry juice consumption on vascular function in patients with coronary artery disease. The American Journal of Clinical Nutrition. 2011; 93(5):934-940. https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC3076649/
  2. Novotny JA, Baer DJ, Khoo C, Gebauer SK, Charron CS; Cranberry juice consumption lowers markers of cardiometabolic risk, including blood pressure and circulating c-reactive protein, triglyceride, and glucose concentrations in adults, The Journal of Nutrition, 2015; 145(6): 1185–1193,https://doi.org/10.3945/jn.114.203190
  3. Gupta P, Song B, Neto C, Camesano TA. Atomic force microscopy-guided fractionation reveals the influence of cranberry phytochemicals on adhesion of Escherichia coli. Food & Function. 2016; 7(6):2655-2666. https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/27220364
  4. Maki KC, Nieman KM, Schild AL, Kaspar KL, Khoo C. The effect of cranberry juice consumption on the recurrence of urinary tract infection: relationship to baseline risk factors, Journal of the American College of Nutrition, 2017; 37(2), 121-126, https://tandfonline.com/doi/abs/10.1080/07315724.2017.1370398

Carrot

  1. Nutritionix Food Database. https://www.nutritionix.com/food/carrot-juice
  2. Vitamin C – Fact Sheet for Health Professionals. NIH Office of Dietary Supplements. 2018. https://ods.od.nih.gov/factsheets/VitaminC-HealthProfessional/
  3. Vitamin A – Fact Sheet for Health Professionals. NIH Office of Dietary Supplements. 2018. https://ods.od.nih.gov/factsheets/VitaminA-HealthProfessional/
  4. Food and Nutrition Information Center – Potassium. USDA National Agricultural Library. 2018. Available at: https://www.nal.usda.gov/fnic/potassium

Grape

  1. Wightman JD and Heuberger RA. Effect of grape and other berries on cardiovascular health. Journal of the Science of Food and Agriculture, 2015. 95(8):1584-1597. https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/25171728
  2. Siasos G, Tousoulis D, Kokkou E, Oikonomou E, Kollia ME, Verveniotis A, Gouliopoulos N, Zisimos K, Plastiras A, ManiatisK and Stefanadis C. Favorable effects of Concord grape juice on endothelial function and arterial stiffness in healthy smokers. American Journal of Hypertension, 27(1):38-45. https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/24061071
  3. Dohadwala MM, Hamburg NM, Holbrook M, Kim BH, Duess M, Levit A, Titas M, Chung WB, Vincent FB, Caiano T, Frame AA, Keaney Jr JF, and Vita JA. Effects of Concord grape juice on ambulatory blood pressure in prehypertension and stage 1 hypertension. American Journal of Clinical Nutrition, 2010. 92(5):1052-1059. ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/20844075

Grapefruit

  1. Habauzit V, Verny MA, Milenkovic D, Barber-Chamoux N, Mazur A, Dubray C, Morand C; Flavanones protect from arterial stiffness in postmenopausal women consuming grapefruit juice for 6 mo: a randomized, controlled, crossover trial, The American Journal of Clinical Nutrition, 2015; 102(1): 66–74.  https://doi.org/10.3945/ajcn.114.104646
  2. Food Composition Databases . United States Department of Agriculture – Agricultural Research Service. https://ndb.nal.usda.gov/ndb/search/list.
  3. Vitamin C – Fact Sheet for Health Professionals. NIH Office of Dietary Supplements. 2018. https://ods.od.nih.gov/factsheets/VitaminC-HealthProfessional/
  4. Food and Nutrition Information Center – Potassium. USDA National Agricultural Library. 2018. Available at: https://www.nal.usda.gov/fnic/potassium

Orange

    1. Morand C, Dubray C, Milenkovic D, Lioger D, Martin JF, Scalbert A, Mazur A; Hesperidin contributes to the vascular protective effects of orange juice: a randomized crossover study in healthy volunteers, The American Journal of Clinical Nutrition, 2011; 93(1): 73–80, https://doi.org/10.3945/ajcn.110.004945
    2. Buscemi S, Rosafio G, Arcoleo G, Mattina A, Canino B, Montana M, Verga S, Rini G; Effects of red orange juice intake on endothelial function and inflammatory markers in adult subjects with increased cardiovascular risk, The American Journal of Clinical Nutrition, 2012; 95(5): 1089–1095, https://doi.org/10.3945/ajcn.111.031088
    3. Dalgard C, Nielsen F, Morrow JD et al., “Supplementation ˚ with orange and blackcurrant juice, but not vitamin E, improves infammatory markers in patients with peripheral arterial disease,” British Journal of Nutrition, 2009; 101(2): 263–269. https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/18507878
    4. Rampersaud GC, Filomena VM. 100% citrus juice: Nutritional contribution, dietary benefits, and association with anthropometric measures.  Critical Reviews in Food Science and Nutrition, 2015; 57(1): 129-140, https://www.tandfonline.com/doi/abs/10.1080/10408398.2013.862611
    5. Food Composition Databases . United States Department of Agriculture – Agricultural Research Service. https://ndb.nal.usda.gov/ndb/search/list.
    6. Vitamin C – Fact Sheet for Health Professionals. NIH Office of Dietary Supplements. 2018. https://ods.od.nih.gov/factsheets/VitaminC-HealthProfessional/
    7. Potassium – Fact Sheet for Health Professionals. NIH Office of Dietary Supplements. 2018. https://ods.od.nih.gov/factsheets/Potassium-HealthProfessional/

Pomegranate

  1. Ghavipour M, Sotoudeh G, Tavakoli E, Mowla K, Hasanzadeh J, Mazloom Z. Pomegranate extract alleviates disease activity and some blood biomarkers of inflammation and oxidative stress in Rheumatoid Arthritis patients. European Journal of Clinical Nutrition. 2016; 71(1):92-96. https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/27577177
  2. Mazloum-Ardakani M, Salehpour E, Heidari MM, Zomorodipour A, The effect of pomegranate juice as a natural antioxidant to prevent DNA damages is detectable by application of electrochemical methods, Scientia Iranica, 2013; 20(3):566-570, https://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S1026309813000692
  3. Sahebkar A, Ferri C, Giorgini P, Bo S, Nachtigal P, Grassi D, Effects of pomegranate juice on blood pressure: A systematic review and meta-analysis of randomized controlled trials, Pharmacological Research, 2017; 115:149-161, https://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/abs/pii/S1043661816307848
  4. Martínez-Sánchez A, Alacid F, Rubio-Arias JA, Fernández-Lobato B, Ramos-Campo DJ, Aguayo E. Consumption of watermelon juice enriched in l-citrulline and pomegranate ellagitannins enhanced metabolism during physical exercise.  Journal of Agricultural and Food Chemistry 2017; 65 (22), 4395-4404. https://pubs.acs.org/doi/abs/10.1021/acs.jafc.7b00586
  5. Food Composition Databases . United States Department of Agriculture – Agricultural Research Service. https://ndb.nal.usda.gov/ndb/search/list.
  6. Food and Nutrition Information Center – Potassium. USDA National Agricultural Library. 2018. Available at: https://www.nal.usda.gov/fnic/potassium

Pineapple

  1. Food Composition Databases . United States Department of Agriculture – Agricultural Research Service. https://ndb.nal.usda.gov/ndb/search/list.
  2. Vitamin C – Fact Sheet for Health Professionals. NIH Office of Dietary Supplements. 2018. https://ods.od.nih.gov/factsheets/VitaminC-HealthProfessional/
  3. Food and Nutrition Information Center – Potassium. USDA National Agricultural Library. 2018. Available at: https://www.nal.usda.gov/fnic/potassium

Tart Cherry

  1. Pigeon WR, Carr M, Gorman C, Perlis ML. Effects of a tart cherry juice beverage on the sleep of older adults with insomnia: a pilot study. Journal of Medicinal Food. 2010;13(3):579-583. https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC3133468/
  2. Losso JN, Finley JW, Karki N, et al. Losso JN, Finley JW, Karki N, et al. Pilot study of the tart cherry juice for the treatment of insomnia and investigation of mechanisms. Nutrition & Food Science. 2018;25(2):194-201. https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/28901958
  3. Keane KM, George TW, Constantinou CL, Brown MA, Clifford T, Howatson G; Effects of Montmorency tart cherry (Prunus Cerasus L.) consumption on vascular function in men with early hypertension, The American Journal of Clinical Nutrition, 2016; 103(6):1531–1539, https://doi.org/10.3945/ajcn.115.123869

Tomato

    1. Tomatoes, other foods containing lycopene may protect against prostate cancer, study finds. 2016. http://www.aicr.org/press/press-releases/2016/tomatoes-other-foods-containing-lycopene-may-protect-against-prostate-cancer-study-finds.html.
    2. Rowles JL, Ranard KM, Applegate CC, Jeon S, An R, Erdman JW. Processed and raw tomato consumption and risk of prostate cancer: a systematic review and dose-response meta-analysis. Prostate Cancer and Prostatic Diseases. 2018; http://www.nature.com/articles/s41391-017-0005-x
    3. Story EN, Kopec RE, Schwartz SJ, Harris GK. An update on the health effects of tomato lycopene. Annual review of food science and technology. 2010; 1:10.1146. https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC3850026/
    4. Food Composition Databases . United States Department of Agriculture – Agricultural Research Service. https://ndb.nal.usda.gov/ndb/search/list.
    5. Vitamin C – Fact Sheet for Health Professionals. NIH Office of Dietary Supplements. 2018. https://ods.od.nih.gov/factsheets/VitaminC-HealthProfessional/
    6. Vitamin A – Fact Sheet for Health Professionals. NIH Office of Dietary Supplements. 2018. https://ods.od.nih.gov/factsheets/VitaminA-HealthProfessional/
    7. Potassium – Fact Sheet for Health Professionals. NIH Office of Dietary Supplements. 2018. https://ods.od.nih.gov/factsheets/Potassium-HealthProfessional/