Review of 100% Fruit Juice and Chronic Health Conditions: Implications for Sugar-Sweetened Beverage Policy
Brandon J Auerbach, Sepideh Dibey, Petra Vallila-Buchman, Mario Kratz, James Krieger
Advances in Nutrition, April 2018
Objective: Researchers reviewed the highest level of scientific evidence—from systematic reviews and meta-analyses—on the association of 100% fruit juice consumption in children and adults and the health outcomes of caries or tooth decay, glucose homeostasis, dyslipidemia, hypertension, liver disease, weight gain, diabetes, and cardiovascular disease.
Conclusion: Evidence from systematic reviews and meta-analyses of the health effects of 100% fruit juice shows a mixed picture, but most studies show no associations with chronic health conditions. Consumption of 100% fruit juice is associated with an increased risk of caries in children, small increases in long-term weight gain in young children and adults that are likely not clinically significant in normal weight individuals, and a decreased risk of ischemic stroke in a single individual study. Although only 2 meta-analyses included in this review directly compared 100% fruit juice to SSBs (23, 24), the current body of evidence suggests that there are substantially lower health risks from 100% fruit juice consumption compared with SSBs.